Short Biography, Information & Facts
about Ramses III, the famous pharaoh and king of Egypt
Biography, Facts and
information about the life of a Pharaoh
pharaoh was the title of an ancient
Egyptian king who was considered to be a liIIIng god and worshipped as a
deity. The pharaoh was an absolute ruler of Egypt, both the political
and religious leader.
Short Biography of
the life of Ramses III
The history, facts and information about Ramses III, a
famous pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
The following biography information
provides basic facts about the life Ramses III:
Ramses III was also known as Rameses and Ramesses
which are alternative spellings of the name
Egyptian Period / Kingdom:
Dynasty: Ramses III ruled in the
Name of Previous Pharaoh: Setnakhte 1186 BC – 1182 BC
Years of Reign: 1182 BC –
Succeeded by: Ramses IV 1151 BC – 1145 BC
Father and Mother: His father
was the previous Pharaoh Setnakhte and his mother was Queen Tiy-merenese
Wives and children: His
wives were Tey aka Tiy who was the mother of his son, Pentaweret.
Another wife called Iset Ta-Hemdjert who was the mother of his son and
heir to the throne, who became Ramses IV.
Year of Death: 1151 BC
Location of the
Burial Site: Valley of the Kings
Tomb reference number: KV11
Name of Egyptologist who
discovered the burial site, or tomb, of Ramses III: Bruce's Tomb named
after James Bruce who entered the tomb in 1768
Biography and accomplishments or why
was famous: Pharaoh Ramses III was the second
king of the 20th Dynasty ruling during a turbulent time in Ancient
history which included the Trojan War. During his reign there were
economic problems and the workmen at Deir el-Medina were not paid which
lead to the first general strike in recorded history.
But Ramses III is best
remembered for the Royal Harem Conspiracy against him. Ramses IV had two
chief wives - Tey aka Tiy who was the mother of his son, Pentaweret and
Iset Ta-Hemdjert who was the mother of his son and heir to the throne,
who became Ramses IV. Iset is an Ancient Egyptian name, meaning "(She)
of the throne". It was the name of the goddess better known by her Greek
name Isis. This wife is often referred to by the name Isis.
The Royal Harem Conspiracy:
This conspiracy was documented in trial transcripts. Queen Tiy wanted
her son to become Pharaoh, rather than Iset's son. The objective was to
murder the pharaoh and place Pentaweret on the throne. The conspiracy
was started by Queen Tiy and Prince Pentaweret who involved at least 40
other people in the plot and conspiracy. These other conspirators
included nobles, servants, scribes, court officials, army officers and
women and inspectors of the harem. The assassination attempt was planned
to take place during the annual Opet Festival at Thebes. The method
chosen for the assassination attempt was unknown. And the mummy of
Ramses III showed no sign of violation. However, the Pharaoh did die at
this time and poison is the suspected means of murder. The trial of the
conspirators was ordered by Ramses III before his death - he took two
weeks to die. The conspirators were found guilty and sentenced according
to their ranks. The punishments included mutilation, execution or the
option to commit suicide for Queen Tiy, Pentaweret and the highest
Method of execution: The
punishment was to be burnt to death. This was a terrible punishment as
it meant that the victims would not be able to pass into the afterlife.
Instead their ashes would be scattered to the winds and trampled
underfoot. The choice of suicide usually ended with poison.
Unknown Man E: There is some
speculation that the mummy called 'Unknown Man E' found in 1881 in Tomb
DB320 along with Ramses III and a cache of ten other pharaohs is in fact
the mummy of Pentaweret. The face of this mummy is contorted into a
terrible grimace, as if he were screaming, and the muscles of his
abdomen were severely constricted. His organs had not been removed,
preventing his existence in the afterlife. Was he buried alive? Did he
die of poison? Was the mummy Pentaweret? No one knows for sure...
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