Egyptian Scarab Beetle
Egyptian Scarab Beetle - Description, facts and information
What exactly is an Egyptian Scarab Beetle and why was it so important to the Ancient Egyptians? Scarab Beetle Definition: A Scarab Beetle is one of several species of the dung beetle - most notably the Scarabaeus sacer (hence the name of scarab or scarab beetle). The scarab is a type of beetle noted for rolling dung into spherical balls. The dung rolling scarab beetle was sacred to the ancient Egyptians as it seemed to emerge from nowhere. The apparent 'self-creation' of the scarab beetle resembled that of the Egyptian God Khepri / Khepera / Khephri an alternative name for the Sun God Ra or Atum, who created himself out of nothing. The scarab beetle therefore served as a symbol of regeneration and creation conveying ideas of transformation, renewal, and resurrection.
Egyptian Scarab Beetle and the Sun God Ra
The ancient Egyptians believed that the Sun God Ra renewed the sun every day before rolling it above the horizon, then carried it through the other world after sunset, only to renew it, again, the next day. The Egyptian Scarab Beetle therefore enjoyed a sacred status among the Ancient Egyptians. The image of the scarab in Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs displays the image of the beetle translated as "to come into being", "to become" or "to transform".
Egyptian Scarabs and the Funeral rites of the Ancient Egyptians
The Funeral rites of the Ancient Egyptians were extremely important and use of the scarab was of prime significance in this cult. Scarabs, often cut from green stone, were placed over the heart or on the chest of the deceased. These are referred to as 'heart scarabs' and this type of scarab amulet was found in the tomb of the Pharaoh Tutankhamen. The heart scarabs were large, with an average length of 7.5 cm. The purpose of the heart scarab amulet was to ensure that the heart would not bear witness against the deceased in Hall of Two Truths where their actions in their mortal lives would be examined before they could enter the Afterlife.
The Magic of the Egyptian Scarab Beetle - Jewelry and Amulets
The Egyptian Scarab Beetle was used as an amulet or a good luck charm by both the rich and the poor in Egypt. A depiction of a scarab beetle was used in the making of jewelry in the form of pendants, bracelets, rings and necklaces and was believed to hold strong magical and religious properties. The name of the owner was inscribed on their flat bases to ensure that protective powers would be given to the wearer. Scarab pendants, bracelets, rings and necklaces were often made of precious or semi-precious jewels such as carnelian, lapis lazuli and turquoise. The colored glass favored by the Ancient Egyptians called Faience was also used to create amulets. Faience was a strong greenish blue glass-like material, consisting of crushed quartz, lime and alkali, which first made in Predynastic Egypt.
Egyptian Scarab Beetle
Each section of this Ancient Egyptian website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Pharaohs and of Egypt. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of the Ancient Egyptians!