The Egyptian God Thoth
- Name: Thoth
- Gender Male: Thoth was a God
- Depiction / Description / Symbol: Thoth was depicted with the body of a man and the head of Ibis. Thoth was also depicted as an ape
- Jurisdiction: Thoth was described as being the God of Wisdom and Knowledge
- Mythical Family or Relatives: Thoth was believed to have saved the God young Horus from the evil God Seth
Information about the Egyptian God Thoth
Thoth was one of the Gods who featured in the cosmogony of Heliopolis (the birthplace of the Gods) in the creation myths and legends. Legend tells that the jealous God Seth murdered his brother Osiris, the father of Horus. Horus was a weak child and constantly threatened by the evil Seth who sent who sent serpents and monsters to attack him. Horus was saved twice by Thoth, the God of Wisdom. When Horus reached maturity he fought with Seth to avenge the death of his father Osiris. They fought for three before Thoth intervened and took them to the Court of Truths in the Underworld where Seth was found to be the guilty party. Thoth was revered as the God of Wisdom and was also the scribe of the gods and the inventor of writing. He had a role in the Underworld in the judgment of the dead in the Hall of the Two Truths where he was the scribe who recorded the confessions of the dead and also kept a record of the souls who progressed into afterlife (paradise) and who was eaten by Ammit the devourer.
Description & Depiction of the Egyptian God Thoth - Part Human & Part Animal
The Egyptian Gods or Goddesses, such as Thoth, were often depicted as being part human and part animal. In the description of the Egyptian God Thoth he was most frequently depicted with the body of a human and with with the head of an animal - a Ibis. In the Ancient Egyptian religion certain animals were seen as sacred as they believed that the Spirit of a God resided in these animals, such as the Ibis, which were revered and worshipped as reincarnated Gods during their lifetimes.
The Egyptian the God Thoth - Creation and Relatives
The early Egyptian priests evolved a creation myth, or Cosmogony, to explain how some of the Gods and Goddesses came into being. The early Egyptian priests then evolved a Family tree, the relatives of the main Egyptian Gods, like Thoth, to explain how some of the Gods and Goddesses were related.
Temple of Thoth
The Temples dedicated to Thoth, the God of Wisdom and Knowledge, were believed to be the dwelling place of this famous Egyptian God. Only the Pharaoh and the Priests of Thoth were allowed inside the temple and the priests would undergo ritual purification in a deep stone pool before they entered the Inner Sanctum of the Temple. This not only cleansed them but also gave them contact with the primeval moisture of life. Ordinary Egyptians were only allowed to come to the gates, or forecourt, of the temple of Thoth to pay homage and offer gifts to the God. The Priests of Thoth would collect the gifts and say prayers on behalf of the person in the confines of the temple. The priests of Thoth, the God of Wisdom and Knowledge, would conduct ceremonies, sacrifices and chant magical incantations, sometimes referred to as spells. The temple of Thoth would consist of heavy gates which accessed a massive hall with great stone columns, and then a series of many other rooms through which processions of priests would pass. These rooms, or chambers, were lit by candles and incense would be burnt to purify the air of the Temple. The chambers gradually decreased in size, the lighting in the temple was deliberately and significantly reduced to create an atmosphere of deepening mystery until the priests reached the chapel and the shrine which contained the Naos. The Naos was the stone tabernacle inside the shrine which housed the great Statue of Thoth, the God of Wisdom and Knowledge.
The Statue of Thoth
The large statue of the God Thoth, the God of Wisdom and Knowledge was situated in the inner sanctum of the Egyptian temple. The statue of Thoth would have been depicted with the body of a man and the head of Ibis. This sacred statue, in the dwelling place of the God, was the embodiment of Thoth. Food and drink would be offered to the God. The High Priest of Thoth, would conduct ceremonies and offer prayers and incantations but there was another important priest, called the Medjty, who was responsible for the toiletries. The statue of Thoth would have been washed and oiled. The statue was then dressed in fine linen and eye make-up, powder and rouge was applied and sacred oil rubbed on the forehead of the statue. The statue of Thoth, with its head of the Ibis, was only seen by ordinary Egyptians at important festivals when the effigy was paraded in magnificent processions.
The Egyptian God Thoth
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