Travel Guide to Luxor (known as Thebes by the Ancient Egyptians)
The Travel Guide to Luxor highlights the most important places to visit in this area of Egypt and its significance to the history of Egypt together with Ancient Egyptian facts and information about Luxor. The temples of Luxor and Karnak are located on the East Bank of Luxor. The West Bank of Luxor houses the main area for cemeteries and mortuary temples. The town of Luxor has the temples of Karnak and Luxor to the north and the south.
Places to Visit and tour in Luxor
The most famous places to visit in Luxor are as follows:
- Valley of the Kings - located on the west bank at Luxor
- Valley of the Queens
- Luxor Temple built by Amenhotep III and Ramses II
- The Ramesseum is the memorial temple (or mortuary temple) of Pharaoh Ramses II - the Great. It is located in the Theban necropolis across the River Nile from the modern city of Luxor.
- The Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut at Deir El-Bahri
- Luxor (Thebes located at the present day Luxor) - Medinet Habu is a complex of temples dating from the New Kingdom including the great memorial temple of Ramses III
- Luxor - Deir el-Medina where the workmen who built and decorated the royal tombs lived
The Luxor Temple Complex
The majority of the Luxor Temple complex was built by the Pharoahs Amenhotep III and Ramses II. It was a tribute to both these pharaohs, who were revered as living gods, and the Ancient Egyptian gods Amun, Mut and Khonsu. The temple complex was originally approached via a road flanked with sphinxes. The complex consists of pylons, obelisks, shrines, statues, colonnades and courtyard. Christian and Muslim chapels were later added to the site of the Luxor Temple.
The Great Temple of Hatshepsut
The Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut is located at Deir El-Bahri on the western bank of the Nile in Luxor which was Thebes. The temple took fifteen years to construct and Queen Hatshepsut chose her chancellor, Senemut, as her chief architect and engineer. The magnificent Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut consists of three colonnaded terraces with two ramps and are sited with a magnificent cliff backdrop.
Medinet Habu Temple Complex - Luxor
Medinet Habu is a complex of temples dating from the New Kingdom including the great memorial temple of Ramses III. The great memorial temple of Ramses III is smaller copy of the massive Ramesseum built by Ramses the Great. The god Amun was celebrated at this complex and temples in his honor were built by Queen Hatshepsut and Tutmosis III.
Deir el-Medina - Luxor
Deir el-Medina is the village where the workmen who built and decorated the royal tombs and temples lived. The village of Deir el-Medina is located on the west bank of the Nile, across the river from modern-day Luxor. The Ancient Egyptians who lived in Deir el-Medina were responsible for building the fabulous tombs of the pharaohs in the Valley of the Kings. Their own homes were also decorated with sumptuous paintings.
Location of Luxor - South Egypt
Our Egypt travel guide differentiates between the sites of Upper and Lower Egypt. Ancient Egypt originally consisted of two parts which were called Upper and Lower Egypt. Luxor is located in Upper Egypt. Upper Egypt was the valley area in the South and Lower Egypt was the delta area in the North. Upper and Lower Egypt each had their own governments and rulers. These two parts Egypt were eventually united in 3118BC. Plan your Tour of Egypt around the most important and ancient sites of Upper Egypt in the South, including Luxor, using our travel guide.
Each section of this Egyptian website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Egypt. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of Egypt, the Ancient Egyptians and of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun, King Tut.