Travel Guide to Alexandria
The Travel Guide to Alexandria highlights the most important places to visit in this area of Egypt and its significance to the history of Egypt together with Ancient Egyptian facts and information about Alexandria. The city of Alexandria is the chief seaport to the Mediterranean Sea and the second largest city in Egypt.
The History of Alexandria
In 332BC the Greek hero Alexander the Great conquered and occupied Egypt. His general, Ptolemy, became king Ptolemy I Soter (305 BC-282 BC) and established the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. During this time the city of Alexandria was founded which became famous for the Great Library and the great Lighthouse of Pharos in Alexandria which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The site of the Pharos Lighthouse is covered by the Islamic Fort of Kait Bey which was built on, and from, some the ruins of the collapsed lighthouse. The lasting remains of the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the last of the Seven Wonders of the World, lie underwater near the entrance to Alexandria’s Eastern Harbour.
Places to Visit and tour in Alexandria
The most famous places to visit in Alexandria are as follows:
- Islamic Fort of Kait Bey built on the site of the Pharos Lighthous
- Bibliotheca Alexandrina a modern museum built on the site of the Great Library of Alexandria which was destroyed by the Romans
- Alexandria National Museum
- The ruins of a Roman Amphitheater and the Roman Catacombs at Kam-el-Shuqqafa
Location of Alexandria
Our Egypt travel guide differentiates between the sites of Upper and Lower Egypt. Ancient Egypt originally consisted of two parts which were called Upper and Lower Egypt. Alexandria is located in Lower Egypt. Upper Egypt was the valley area in the South and Lower Egypt was the delta area in the North. Upper and Lower Egypt each had their own governments and rulers. These two parts Egypt were eventually united in 3118BC. Plan your Tour of Egypt around the most important and ancient sites of Lower Egypt, including Alexandria, using our travel guide.
Each section of this Egyptian website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Egypt. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of Egypt, the Ancient Egyptians and of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun, King Tut.