Egyptian Temples

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Egyptian Temples

  • Facts and information about Egyptian Temples
  • Famous Ancient Egyptian Temples
  • List of Famous Ancient Egyptian Temples
  • Location of Temples in Egypt
  • List of Names of Temples in Egypt
  • The Pharaoh builders of the ancient Temples in Egypt
  • Names of the Egyptian Gods who the Temples in Egypt were dedicated to
Ancient Egypt

Egyptian Temples

Egyptian Temples
Ancient Egyptian Temples were believed to be the dwelling places of the Egyptian Gods. Only the Pharaoh and the Priests were allowed inside the temples and the priests would undergo ritual purification in a deep stone pool before they entered the Inner Sanctum of the Temples. This not only cleansed them but also gave them contact with the primeval moisture of life. Ordinary Egyptians were only allowed to come to the gates, or forecourt, of the temples to pay homage and offer gifts to the Gods. The Priests would collect the gifts and say prayers on behalf of the person in the confines of the temples. The priests would conduct ceremonies, sacrifices and chant magical incantations, sometimes referred to as spells. The temples would consist of heavy gates which accessed a massive hall with great stone columns, and then a series of many other rooms through which processions of priests would pass. These rooms, or chambers, were lit by candles and incense would be burnt to purify the air of the Temples. The chambers gradually decreased in size, the lighting in the temples was deliberately and significantly reduced to create an atmosphere of deepening mystery until the priests reached the chapel and the shrine which contained the Naos. The Naos was the stone tabernacle inside the shrine which housed a great statue to the god to whom the temple was dedicated.

Famous Ancient Egyptian Temples
The most famous Ancient Egyptian Temples include the following:

  • Luxor - The Temple of Luxor built by Amenhotep III and Ramses II dedicated to the gods Amun Ra and Horus
  • West bank of Luxor - the temple at Deir el Bahari - The mortuary temple of Hatshepsut was built by the Great Steward of Amun who was called Sennemut dedicated to the god Amun
  • Karnak - The most famous temple at Karnak is the Temple of Amun. Originally the temples at Karnak and Luxor were connected with a two-mile avenue of sphinxes
  • Abu Simbel - The most famous temples at Abu Simbel are the Temples of Ramses and Nefertiti
  • Agilika Island - Temples of Philae built by the Ptolemaic pharaohs
    Edfu - The Temple of Horus built by the Ptolemaic pharaohs and dedicated to the god Horus
  • Kom-Ombo - The Temple of Kom-Ombo built by Ptolemy VI dedicated to the god Sobek

List of Famous Ancient Egyptian Temples
The following list of Ancient Egyptian Temples contains details of the temple, the Pharaoh builders and the gods who were worshipped at them.

Famous Ancient Egyptian Temples
Location of Temple Name of TemplePharaoh BuilderEgyptian God
Abu Simbel, NubiaTemple of Ramses, beloved of AmunPharaoh Ramses IIAmon Ra ( aka Amun)
Abu Simbel, Nubia The Temple of Nefertari dedicated to the goddess
Hathor
Pharaoh Ramses II built this temple in honor of his wife NefertitiHathor
Amarna, the city of AkhenatenGreat Aten Temple at Amarna ( destroyed after the death of the Akhenaten, the heretic )Pharaoh AkhenatenAten
SiwaTemple of the OraclePharaoh Ahmose IIAmun
Bahariya OasisTemple of Alexander the GreatAlexander the GreatAmun and Horus
Bahariya OasisTemple of BesUnknownBes
NubiaTemple of AmadaPharaoh Tuthmosis IIIAmun-Ra
NubiaTemple of Thoth (Dakka)Akamani Thoth
NubiaHouse of PtahRamesses IIPtah
South of the High Aswan Dam in ancient NubiaTemple of Wadi al-Sabua aka House of AmunRamesses IIAmun
LuxorTemple of LuxorAmenhotep III and Ramses IIAmun Ra, Horus
Thebes, West bank of LuxorMortuary Temple of Amenhotep IIIAmenhotep IIIAmun, Ptah and Osiris
Thebes, West bank of Luxor - the temple at Deir el Bahari Mortuary Temple of Queen HatshepsutQueen HatshepsutAmun
West bank of LuxorMortuary Temple of Mentuhotep IIPharaoh Mentuhotep IIHathor
West bank of LuxorThe RamessuemPharaoh Ramses II Amun
West bank of LuxorThe Temple of Millions of YearsPharaoh Seti IAmun Ra
LuxorMortuary Temple of MerenptahPharaoh MerenptahAmun
Dendera, north of Luxor Temple of HathorPepiHathor
KarnakTemples of Mut, Montu and AmunSee below 
KarnakGreat Temple of Amun Several Pharaohs incl. Ramses II and SetiAmun
KarnakTemple of MontuTutmosis IAmun, Osiris
KarnakTemple of MutAmenhotep III and othersMoon Goddess Mut
Kharga Oasis, Al Wadi Al GadeedTemple of Al-GhuwaytahPtolemy III, IV and XAmun, Mut and Khonsu
Dakhla OasisDeir al-Hagar Temple Roman Emperor NeroAmun, Mut and Khonsu and Seth
Kharga OasisTemple of HibisDarius I & Apries (Haaibre)Amun, Mut and Khonsu
EdfuTemple of HorusPtolemaic pharaohsHorus
Kom-Ombo, north of AswanTemple of Kom-OmboPtolemy VISobek
EsnaTemple of KhnumTuthmosis IIIKhnum
Tanis (San El-Hagar)Complex of TemplesSeveral PharaohsAmun, Mut and Khonsu
AbydosTemple of OsirisRamesses IIOsiris
AbydosTemple of Seti ISeti IOsiris, Isis & Ptah
Agilika IslandTemples of PhilaePtolemaic pharaohsIsis, Osiris & Horus
Medinet HabuTemple of Ramesses III Ramesses IIIAmun
Location of Temple Name of TemplePharaoh BuilderEgyptian God
Famous Ancient Egyptian Temples

Egyptian Temples
Each section of this Egyptian website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Egypt. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of Egypt, the Ancient Egyptians and of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun, King Tut.
 

Egyptian Temples

  • Facts and information about Egyptian Temples
  • Famous Ancient Egyptian Temples
  • List of Famous Ancient Egyptian Temples
  • Location of Temples in Egypt
  • List of Names of Temples in Egypt
  • The Pharaoh builders of the ancient Temples in Egypt
  • Names of the Egyptian Gods who the Temples in Egypt were dedicated to

 

Egyptian Temples

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